When most people hear or see the word Zouk, it's synonymous with Brazilian Zouk. However, Zouk and Brazilan Zouk are two separate dances and it's important that dancers understand "Zouk" and it's history/origins.
Zouk is why we dance Kizomba and Brazilian Zouk today. The music from these small islands traveled across oceans and developed into new dances.
People are often confused about Brazilian Zouk and Kizomba music. Can you dance Kizomba to Brazilian Zouk, and viceversa? We will try and keep it as simple as possible. Please note: we are generalizing to keep this as simple as possible so the majority of people can understand the basic differences.
Zouk - Zouk originated from the Caribbean Islands of Guadeloupe and Martinique (see map below). Zouk is what you would dance at a family bbq on the weekends. There were no classes or formal moves, it was just something that you grew up doing and was part of every day life. This music genre grew in popularity by a French Antillean band in the 1980s called Kassav'.
Kizomba - Kizomba is an Angolan dance with heavy influence from Cape Verde. It's a closed danced where you embrace your partner closely and is danced slower than Zouk. There was influence from the group Kassav', along with Semba and other influences. This too, was a low-key dance that every one grew up dancing to. Many new sub-styles of Kizomba have since emerged like Tarraxinha and Urban Kiz.
Kizomba grew as a music/dance genre when dancers moved to different parts of Europe. Since then, Kizomba has grown tremendously and is spreading rapidly all over the world.
Brazilian Zouk - This partner dance originated from lambada music which became popular in the 1980s in Northern Brazil. The most well known song is Lambada by Kaoma. Due to the lack of Lambada music, dancers turned to Zouk music which sounded similar to lambada music. Brazilians fused/incorporated Zouk music into their zouk-lambada dance.
Brazilian Zouk is a dance genre, not a music genre. You can dance Brazilian Zouk to anything with a 4/4 beat. Popular genres include hip hop, rap, trap, electronic, lyrical, indie, rock, pop - and of course, kizomba and zouk like the examples above.
In the Brazilian Zouk scene, there are many DJs that produce and create remixes of popular songs. Popular DJs/producers: DJ Kakah, Mafie Zouker, Lord Feifer, Arkkanjo, DJ Allan Z, and DJ Amigo. Popular US-based DJs: DJ Power, and DJ Shiv.
Some DJs play tracks that have a Zouk beat or "boom chic chic boom" while others play "zoukable" music (an entire blog post can be written on this).
Some points we want to emphasize:
- You can dance Brazilian Zouk to any music genre with a 4/4 beat if you really wanted to. Zouk music is traditional music from the Caribbean Islands.
- You can usually dance Brazilian Zouk to Kizomba.
- You cannot dance Kizomba to Brazilian Zouk music genres. (*some do but MOST don't)
- Brazilian Zouk is a completely different dance than Zouk and Kizomba
- Zouk has become synonymous with Brazilian Zouk. Promoters, artists, DJs, should promote Brazilian Zouk by emphasizing that it is from Brazil. "Brazilian" should be present.
- Kizomba and Brazilian Zouk are completely different dances. There should not be a mixed Kizomba and Brazilian Zouk room.
- Kizomba is not the "sexiest dance ever," this is called clickbait. Clickbait is when the person just wants you to to click for attention or views. I believe Kizomba is sensual but not sexy - this is subjective. Bachata Sensual and Brazilian Zouk are also sensual dances.